The government elaborated the first ECD policy in September 2011 under the Ministry of Education (MINEDUC). In 2014, the Ministry of Gender and Family Promotion (MIGEPROF) was assigned to revise the ECD policy and coordinate policy implementation, given its mandate of family promotion and child protection. The mission, goals and objectives of the revised ECD policy establish the country’s vision for its youngest citizens. The mission emphasizes the delivery of credible interventions that can effectively support children’s development from conception to six years of age in Rwanda. The mission is aligned with the overall vision of providing children with integrated interventions that enable their holistic development and increase their learning opportunities while also engaging the community.
The National Food and Nutrition Policy developed in 2013 builds on several achievements that have improved the status of nutrition and household food security in Rwanda. The vision of the National Food and Nutrition policy is to ensure services and practices that bring optimal household security and nutrition for all Rwandan. This policy focuses on the national resolve to substantially reduce the prevalence of stunting in children under two years of age, and to improve household food security particularly among the most vulnerable families. Substantial reduction of acute malnutrition has occurred in recent years, however, problems with high levels of chronic malnutrition and micronutrient deficiency still exist.
National Health Promotion Policy
The National Health Promotion Policy (NHPP) was developed to promote disease prevention, empower communities to translate health information into desired action, and encourage community participation and ownership of health promotion related activities.
National Strategy for Transformation (NST1) is built on three pillars: Economic Transformation, Social Transformation, and Transformative Governance. The Economic Transformation pillar aims to accelerate inclusive economic growth and development founded on the private sector, knowledge and Rwanda’s natural resources. The Social Transformation pillar aims to develop Rwandans into a capable and skilled people with quality standards of living and a stable and secure society. The aim of Transformation Governance pillar is to consolidate good governance and justice as building blocks for equitable and sustainable national development. The NST1 also embraces the SDGs, and Africa Union Agenda 2063.
Sanitation plays a vital role in preventive health care and quality of life. For that reason, the Government of Rwanda has made provision of sustainable sanitation services one of the priorities of the National Development Agenda and is establishing supportive policies and legislation. The Ministry of Infrastructure has developed the National Sanitation Policy to ensure proper implementation of activities in the sanitation sub-sector. The Policy outlines initiatives to overcome challenges and exploit existing opportunities in an integrated manner and will effectively contribute towards achieving the goals of the National Development Agenda.
Environmental Health Policy (2018)
According to the Environmental Health Policy, the main contributing factors to environmental health related diseases in Rwanda are inadequate and unsanitary facilities for excreta disposal, poor management of liquid and solid wastes, and inadequate practices of handwashing with soap that leads to contamination of food and water in both rural and urban areas.
The 2013- 2018 Maternal, Neonatal and Child Health National Strategy (MNCH) outlines the role of nutrition, particularly during pregnancy, lactating, and early childhood to eliminate all forms of malnutrition in every Rwandan family through implementation of the joint action plan initiated for 2012 and strengthening of the multi-sectoral approach.